The prostate is one of the male reproductive glands. There is nothing like a healthy prostate. The average size of the male prostate is about 2.0 to 2.25 cm. Prostate cancer affects about 20% of males over 60 years of age and up to 10% of males under 50 years of age.
The risk increases with age and exposure to sexually transmitted diseases. Some men are born with enlarged prostates which lead to painful urination. A doctor can diagnose an enlarged prostate. There are many ways to reduce the size of the prostate. The two most common treatments are medication and surgery. Most prostate glands tend to be enlarged.
If this happens, there are several treatments that can help. The first one is taking medication. Two of the most popular medications are finasteride and Fluxactive dutasteride. They are antiandrogen agents. They reduce the amount of testosterone in the body, which reduces the growth of the prostate gland.
Prostate cancer does not necessarily develop because the prostate is enlarged. Instead, the cause of prostate cancer is due to the accumulation of cellular changes that lead to cancer.
Treatment for prostate cancer usually involves chemotherapy, radiation, and surgery. All three of these therapies destroy cells that are involved in the development of the disease.